# ASCE Exact Wind Integration (closed form equations) Jun 2021

Closed Form Exact ASCE Wind Calculations

Five years back, I developed a Python function to calculate closed form exact values for wind forces and wind CGs.

I use only calculus — no more bar charts with 0′ to 15′, 20′ to 25′, 25′ to 30′, et cetera —- a curve rather than a step function.

The ASCE function for kz is discontinuous at z = 15′:

• when , , a constant
• when , Function Specification
We must simply integrate over the two domains . Of course, my function is called only once, internally the function incorporates the two domains. • n: allows calculation for say n=3 identical tributary areas (or lines)
• xbasis: allows determining moment about a vertical offset, say an xbasis = 5′ to the left
• ybasis: allows determining moment about a horizontal offset, say a ybasis = 20′ elevation (maybe calculating a vessel supported on lugs)
• x1, y1: starting coordinate of tributary line (diagonal lines are allowed)
• x2, y2: ending coordinate of tributary line (diagonal lines are allowed)
• w: width of tributary area (or line)
• To model a W10 truss diagonal say 13′ long on a 5:12 slope
• Set (x1, y1, x2, y2, w) = (0, 0, 12, 5, 0.833)
• cf: ASCE force coefficient
• v: wind velocity
• i: importance factor (now 1.0 in ASCE 7/16)
• g: gust factor
• kd: directionality factor
• datum=0: grade elevation (default=0, user specified otherwise)
• (datum specification allows use of real world elevations)
Function Usage
These days, I still use my function:

• with straight Python (works very well)
• with CoCalc (works very well using SageMath)
• with PyXLL as an Excel function (works very well)

Tributary loadings for the working points of a structure are easily calculated

The function allows calculation of loads on all types of geometries including:

• rectangular/cylindrical
• closed/open
Reference PDFs

Derivation

Example — by hand calculation

Example — above hand calculations are verified using Cocalc/Jupyter/SageMath